Secret Agreements Ww1

The Russian Foreign Minister during the war, Sergei Sazonov (1860-1927), stressed the importance of Constantinople and the road to Russia and made claims to the city when the war began in 1914. The conservative Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia (1868-1918), also understood these ideas. In a bold attempt to consolidate his policy, Sazonov sent a secret memorandum to London and Paris in March 1915 to highlight Russian claims about Constantinople and the Strait. In exchange, the Russians accepted British and French wishes for Ottoman countries in the Middle East. A secret treaty is an international treaty by which States parties have agreed to conceal the existence or substance of the Treaty from other states and the public. [1] Such an obligation to secrecy of the agreement may be included in the legal act itself or in a separate agreement. [1] The application of “secret agreements and obligations between several allies or between one state and another” continued during the First World War; Some of them were intransigent and left at the end of the war “a bitter legacy of the dispute.” [6] One of the important secret contracts of this period was the treaty of the Ottoman-German alliance secretly concluded in Constantinople on 2 August 1914. [7] The treaty provided that Germany and Turkey would remain neutral in the conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, but if Russia intervened “through active military measures”, the two countries would become military allies. [7] Another important secret treaty was the Treaty of London, concluded on 26 April 1915, which promised Italy certain territorial concessions in exchange for accession to the war on the side of the Triple Agreement (Allied). [9] Another secret treaty was the Treaty of Bucharest concluded on 17 August 1916 between Romania and the three powers of the Agreement (Britain, France, Italy and Russia); As part of the treaty, Romania pledged to attack Austria-Hungary and not seek a separate peace in exchange for certain territorial gains. [10] Article 16 of the treaty provided that “current regulations be kept secret.” [11] The Anglo-French statement was read in samonic, and Pichon commented that it showed the selfless position of the two governments towards the Arabs and Lloyd George that it was “more important than all the old agreements”. [91] Pichon mentioned an agreement proposed on 15 February on the basis of the private agreement between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December.

[91] (According to Lieshout, Clemenceau presented Lloyd George, just before Faisal met at the conference of 6, a proposal that seems to cover the same subject; Lieshout, which issued on British materials related to the 6, while the date is not specified in the minutes. [92]) Secret treaties (in which the agreement itself is secret) differ from secret negotiations (in which the current negotiations are confidential, but the final agreement is public). Colin Warbrick writes that in Britain, “the prerogative to negotiate and enter into contracts puts the government in a powerful position.