14. Dispute settlement in the new EU free trade agreements: “democratisation” of international adjudication? Arnaud de Nanteuil 7. The role of national parliaments in negotiating and concluding the EU Free Trade Agreement Carlo Tovo First, the members of the parties that signed a free trade area in force at the time of the creation of this free trade area must not be higher or more restrictive for trade with non-parties to this free trade area than tariffs and other rules applicable in the same countries before the creation of the free trade area. free trade area. Area. In other words, the creation of a free trade area to give preferential treatment to their members is legitimate under WTO law, but parties to a free trade area are not allowed to treat non-parties less favourably than before the creation of the territory. A second requirement under Article XXIV is that tariffs and other trade barriers must be eliminated primarily for all trade within the free trade area.  The economist has attempted to assess the extent to which free trade agreements can be considered public goods. First, they deal with a key element of free trade agreements, the system of on-board tribunals, which act as arbiters in international trade disputes. These serve as a clarification of existing statutes and international economic policies, as confirmed by trade agreements.  However, the book goes far beyond the issue of the optional and mandatory mixing of EU free trade agreements.
Among the most interesting chapters of the first part are those discussing the degree of transparency of EU trade policy and democratic control, which has increased sharply in relation to the free trade agreements of the new generation of the EU (concluded with highly competitive industrialised or emerging countries), as well as those concerned with the role played by the European Parliament and national parliaments in negotiations on free trade agreements. The second part of the book has a more technical approach, as it focuses on the implementation of EU free trade agreements. It begins by explaining the provisional method of implementing the EU`s joint trade and investment agreements and then explains the possible consequences of the little-known joint committees set up by these agreements, both on EU law and on democratic control. The book concludes with an analysis of the principle of effective legal protection and the autonomy of EU law with regard to the real and potential dispute settlement mechanisms that are part of modern free trade agreements. According to the WTO, it can be so important to promise that there will be no removal of a trade barrier as to reduce one, as if it were predictive for businesses. This will encourage investment, create jobs and enable consumers to take full advantage of the benefits of competition – choice and lower prices. In its initial phase, the Council authorises the European Commission to negotiate a new trade agreement on behalf of the EU. This requires a “negotiating mandate.” With the appropriate authorization, the Commission adopts negotiating guidelines that include the objectives, scope and possible timelines of the negotiations.