Illegal logging, trade and export of timber from Russia are considered a major problem. Numerous investigations have revealed illegal timber trafficking across the Border between Russia and China. For example, in October 2015, Lumber Liquidators (a large U.S.-based hardwood coating company) pleaded guilty to importing timber from China into the United States, illegally harvesting from the Russian Far East.29 The total forest area in the Russian Federation is 814.9 million hectares (ha) and forests occupy more than half of the land area. According to FAO (2015), the country has 415 million hectares of production forests, 1 The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (Minprirody of Russia) is an executive federal authority responsible for the development of public policy and regulatory regulation in a number of areas, including the study, use, regeneration and conservation of natural resources, such as forests in conservation and conservation areas, wildlife and their habitat. Contact email: email@example.com corruption is an important issue in the forestry sector, with many procurements and public contracts, as well as other services to the government or state-owned enterprises, which often involve bribes and bribes. According to the Institute of Modern Russia Think Tank, it is estimated that corruption could range from 3.5% to 48% of Russian GDP.32 The Russian log law is a major change that was made to the Russian forest code in December 2013. The law sets requirements throughout the wood process, including documentation, identification, registration and transportation of logs. The law was transposed into four stages. From July 2014, log transport documentation was required, from January 2015, protocols for precious hardwoods had to be declared in an open-source database from July 2015. As of January 2016, sanctions were imposed for non-compliance with the roundwood transactional declaration law. Article 72 of the Forest Code contains information on the lease of public or communal forest land. For a forest property to be leased, it must be managed by the state. The lease agreement can last from 10 to 49 years, depending on the duration of authorized use of forests in the forest management plan.
If the tenant has used the land in accordance with the duty of care and good practice, the taker has, at the expiry of the leases, preferential rights for the start of a new tenancy period. These explanations point out that while good forest legislation is needed, it does not seem to be sufficient. Laws in many countries are unused or untapped for reasons such as the failure of political will, weak institutions or even general non-compliance with the rule of law.  Despite the efforts of the Russian authorities to preserve forests with nature reserves and parks, funding for park rangers is absent and corruption is widespread, 13 Illegal logging is widespread, mainly in the northwest and Far East, near the border with China, the dominant market for Russian illegal timber14. This has been a problem for many years, with WWF being a problem in the report “Illegal exploitation of forests in northwestern Russia and exports of Russian forest products to Sweden”15, which Russia has lost $1 billion a year. According to a 2013 EIA report, which liquidated the forests,17 illegal logging cost the russian federation economy nearly 4 billion rubles in lost revenue and resources in 2010, but this could be underestimated.18 It has been reported that at least 80% of all high-value hardwood trees harvested in the Russian Far East could be registered illegally.